3.2.3 Consistent Navigation: Navigational mechanisms that are repeated on multiple Web pages within a set of Web pages occur in the same relative order each time they are repeated, unless a change is initiated by the user. (Level AA)
Understanding this success criteria
According to this checkpoint each page contains some common user interface components like skip to main content link, primary secondary navigation links, logo, search element etc., the placement of these user interface components is very important as people with disabilities heavily rely on common components for quick navigation. Users with cognitive & intellectual disabilities, users who use screen magnification technology & text to speech software’s must be able to predict the existence of the common components. For example if few pages contains a search element in a particular location & other pages do not have the search component in the same location this will violate the checkpoint. Sc3.2.3.
Providing consistent navigation will not restrict content authors or developers from adding secondary navigation or additional components into the layout of the page. For example a navigational menu might have sub menus that are exposed when the user is on that particular navigational menu, here the order in which navigation menus are presented must not change even when the submenus are added in between them. Focus of the keyboard/assistive aid user must go to each menu during navigation.
Tips to Remember
- keep navigational menus in the same location.
- present the navigational menus in the same order on all pages.
- Represent all the standard elements like logo, search functionality, and skip links etc. in the same location on all the pages.
- using a standard template will help achieve to pass the success criteria of 3.2.3 consistent navigation.