2.2.1 Timing Adjustable: For each time limit that is set by the content, at least one of the following is true: (Level A)
Turn off: The user is allowed to turn off the time limit before encountering it; or
Adjust: The user is allowed to adjust the time limit before encountering it over a wide range that is at least ten times the length of the default setting; or
Extend: The user is warned before time expires and given at least 20 seconds to extend the time limit with a simple action (for example, “press the space bar”), and the user is allowed to extend the time limit at least ten times; or
Real-time Exception: The time limit is a required part of a real-time event (for example, an auction), and no alternative to the time limit is possible; or
Essential Exception: The time limit is essential and extending it would invalidate the activity; or
20 Hour Exception: The time limit is longer than 20 hours.
This success criterion requires that generally users & people with disabilities must be provided with enough time limit to complete the tasks. Imagine you are reading a web page or completing a task & if the web page expires without warning, you will get distracted & will not be able to finish the reading of the page or complete the task. Generally, users need more time to read such content & people with disabilities & elderly need more time than common users to read such pages.
There are some exceptions for this success criterion too pass
The time limit is more than 20 hours.
Time limit is essential for business such as flight booking sites where unlimited time cannot be provided as it impacts the business.
If content is a live video stream.
The time limit is due to real-time events, like bidding in an auction.
People with physical disabilities require more time to complete tasks as they require more time to type or navigate to controls
People who have low vision need more time to locate content/controls and read them
People who are blind and who use screen readers require more time to understand the screen layout, read the content, locate controls and operate them
People who are deaf require more time to understand the audio content as a sign language interpreter interprets to them
People with reading disabilities and cognitive disabilities require more time to read contents and understand them and react.
Points To Ponder
Provide a control on the landing page for the user to initiate a longer session time or no session timeout.
Provide a way for the user to turn off the session time out.
Provide a means to set the time limit to 10 times the default time limit.
Prompt the user with help of a pop-up or modal so that enough warning is available for the user to reset the time limit.
Make sure controls provided to extend the time limit are keyboard operable.
Moving, scrolling and/or blinking content must have mechanism to pause or stop the movement or scroll or blink.
Auto updating content must be provided with feature to extend the time limit to 10 times of its actual update frequency.
Raghavendra Satish Peri is a digital Transformation specialist working with small & large enterprises in the areas of digital accessibility & digital marketing. He authors an Accessibility Blog at DigitalA11Y.com & is galvanizing the adoption of accessibility by inspiring the local tech community with meetups and mentorship. He propelled this thought by founding HelloA11y.com, a community of accessibility professionals, developers, and enthusiasts. When away from his computer, Raghava can be found at local cafes & restaurants sampling cuisines, attending local meetups, listening to audio books, or writing on his Personal Blog at raghava.in.
1.2.1 Audio-only and Video-only (Prerecorded): For prerecorded audio-only and prerecorded video-only media, the following are true, except when the audio or video is a media alternative for text and is clearly labeled as such: (Level A) Prerecorded Audio-only: An alternative for time-based media is provided that presents equivalent information for prerecorded audio-only content. Prerecorded Video-only:…
Dear Accessibility Evangelist, Deque India invites you to the 6th Global Accessibility Awareness Day (GAAD) on May 18, 2017. Please join us to spread the awareness about digital accessibility and be part of creating an inclusive and accessible world for everyone. Looking forward to meeting you. Venue: T-HUB CATALYST BUILDING, IIIT-H Campus, GachibowliTime: May 18th,…
1.2.5 Audio Description (Prerecorded): Audio description is provided for all prerecorded video content in synchronized media. (Level AA) The intent of this success criterion is to provide audio descriptions to the videos so as to aid blind & visually impaired users understand the visual aspect of the video content. Videos often contain a lot of…
In April 2018, WebAIM conducted the Survey of Web Accessibility Practitioners and published the results in the beginning of June. This is a follow-up survey to the one conducted in 2014. The results are quite surprising and in some ways, healthy too. We’ll discuss the results and our take-away in general. Practitioners’ demography 724 practitioners…
Success Criterion 2.1.4 Character Key Shortcuts (Level A): If a keyboard shortcut is implemented in content using only letter (including upper- and lower-case letters), punctuation, number, or symbol characters, then at least one of the following is true: Turn off A mechanism is available to turn the shortcut off; Remap A mechanism is available to…
1.2.4 Captions (Live): Captions are provided for all live audio content in synchronized media. (Level AA) The intent of this success criterion is to provide captions for the live media content. Live media refers to the audio/video content that is relayed/broadcasted live on the internet platform. Live captioning is seen on live news broadcast, live…